Tippelzone is a prostitution area designated by the (local) government where soliciting prostitution is allowed, and sometimes regulated.
Local governments designate soliciting by prostitutes and inconvenience to their customers combat prostitution by a (usually somewhat remote) place to concentrate. Moreover, the government can in this way get a better grip on the industry with a view to safe sex, hygiene, relief, and combating trafficking in women and exploitation.
Soliciting in Dutch municipalities
In the Netherlands, five municipalities have a prostitution area :
- Utrecht since 1986
- Arnhem since 1996
- Groningen since 1998
- Heerlen since 2000
- Nijmegen also since 2000
The Hague opened the first Dutch prostitution area in 1983 and closed in 2006. Rotterdam opened the second Dutch prostitution area in 1984 and closed it, after interim relocation in 2005. Amsterdam opened in 1996 and closed tippelzone in 2003.
Some soliciting areas are in fact nothing more than a number of streets that are designated as areas where soliciting is permitted. In other places, the soliciting really built for this purpose and design, as it did in Amsterdam. Often a tippelzone combined with stricter supervision of street prostitution elsewhere in the city.
Mostly, the tippelzone few amenities offered for the prostitutes, such as medical care, free condoms , a 'living room' or legal advice. There are also some afwerkplekken so that the customers and prostitutes do not have to go. away from the zone Municipalities hope with tippelzone firstly to reduce the inconvenience of residents of the city and create a manageable situation in the area of street prostitution and the negative phenomena such as trafficking in women to address., exploitation and violence better Secondly, the goal is often to check for underage prostitutes better and validity of residence permits and work permits. Thirdly, the soliciting the ability to come up with a group of prostitutes who else would work, with all the risks that entails. Mostly 'underground' in touch
In recent years, the three largest municipalities of Amsterdam, Rotterdam and The Hague decided to close down. Tippelzone After the lifting of the ban on brothels was much busier on the zones. In 2001, the number of prostitutes in the zones further by an influx of illegal women from Eastern Europe. Organized crime was active in the areas in the form of trafficking. The situation in some areas became uncontrollable. Through the crowds, the crime and the increasing number of violent This led to the closure of the streetwalkers' districts in Amsterdam (2003), Rotterdam (2005), The Hague (2006) and Eindhoven (2011).
In response, many other soliciting, including Utrecht, decided to introduce to prevent prostitutes from other areas would move to the areas that were still open. Massively authorization system
Until 2001 found in Cologne street prostitution place at the Ebertplatz near downtown. According to a social pedagogue a violent incident took place on average every week.
Decided in 2001 the church, first in Germany, in order to focus on an industrial estate. official tippelzone In this zone, the Geestemünder Straße , are some halt houses and street lights, and afwerkboxen, there is a space for women with showers, sinks, toilets, lockers and syringe dispenser. There is also a cafeteria sober in a container with sandwiches, hot drinks, condoms, and advisory. The municipality, police and Sozialdienst katholischer Frauen ensure the safety and the house rules of the zone. In the first four years, according to the social pedagogue, 20 to 25 times a violent incident recorded.
In 2004 a scientific evaluation of "the displacement of street prostitution.
In Dortmund was traditionally soliciting prostitution place in district Innenstadt Nord . In 2001, the tippelzone moved to an industrial estate in the vicinity of the same district Raven Strasse . The official status is unclear. However, there is a small center since 2001, in a sort of shack, for help advice to the prostitutes, owned and run by a Catholic charity, but with part-time paid by the municipality and the Land Administration (Nordrhein-Westfalen). In early March 2010, this small center took a new barrack in use with common room, doctor's office, toilets and shower. Prostitution area has also afwerkboxen.
In Essen existed in 2008, for decades an informal area of street prostitution around the Pferdebahnstraße . This area was higher around 2002 in the municipality banned street prostitution in other locations. Police, community and social workers kept there any supervision. In mid-2008 concluded the city council, because of 'spatial planning' around this tippelzone that the area had to be moved.
Around 9 March 2009 in a partnership of police, local authorities and aid agencies, the zone is moved to the former fairground to Gladbeckerstraße .
The new area is soliciting smaller than the old, it's closed off and shot as much as possible. After about a week shows the new place to be both the prostitutes and their customers. Graciously accepted Presumably pay prostitutes € 7.50 per day and entrance fee.